Agriculture Technology Advantages
Agriculture technology or agribusiness is the application of science and technology in agriculture, forestry, and hydro-biology with the intent of enhancing productivity, efficiency, and profitability in the agricultural sector. Agriculture technology can also be products, services, or programs derived out of agri-biotechnology that enhance different agricultural input/ output processes. Agriculture information technology includes design, analysis, evaluation, management, technology implementation, distribution, and program coordination. It also involves information systems that are vital to the conduct of business activities in the agricultural sector.
The objective of agriculture technology is to improve the productivity, quality, and competitiveness of the agriculture industry. Agriculture is one of the world’s major sources of food and feed. Livestock feeds, animal feeds, poultry feeds, vegetables and fruits are the ingredients of agriculture products that we consume every day. Agriculture technology aims at feeding the world by improving productivity, preventing food and feed wastage, conserving natural resources, conserving energy, and increasing income at the same time.
Agriculture technology helps farmers to make the most of their productive capacities. One such advance is in the area of sensing and alerting with the advent of new sensors for all types of agronomic activities on farms. These sensors are fitted on the tillers, equipment, and other farming equipment. The sensors work with the help of microprocessors. Newer generations of these sensors are incorporated with physical and logical keypads that enable the operator to execute various tasks on the farm. With the use of advanced livestock handling equipment such as saddle hooks and barrel hooks the tasks such as feeding, spraying, emptying, and loading of feed buckets, cutting of stock, sorting out fertilizers, etc can be carried out quite accurately.
Using sophisticated machinery and tools, precision agriculture technology is utilized to increase the yield of the crop and improve the quality of the agricultural produce. Precision agriculture technology has therefore emerged as a boon for farmers all across the globe. One of the major advantages of precision agriculture technology is its efficiency which is unaffected by fluctuations in weather and natural conditions. In fact, temperature, rainfall, soil type and the type of fertilizers to be used for a particular area can be programmed beforehand for better agricultural results.
Advancement in agriculture technology has given rise to the concept of yield monitoring sensors. This system is fitted on the crops’ ears and measures the amount of rainfall, temperature, and other factors that influence the growth of the crops. This information is fed into computer databases via radio frequency or via wire. Farmers can get this information quickly so that they can either increase or reduce the number of crops depending upon the yield. This helps farmers to decide the season when more crops are required.
Biotechnology has also made significant advancements in the realm of agriculture. Genetically altered crops have come up as one of the most important aspects of the agricultural revolution. These crops have passed through various experiments which have helped them to withstand pest attacks and survive the stresses of intensive farming. The resistance levels of these crops have been enhanced by modifying their DNA. This ensures that they become stronger when faced with extreme weather conditions.
Climate change is another major factor responsible for the making of these crops stronger. Farmers in various parts of the world have been facing severe problems due to climate changes. Climate change has caused extreme weather conditions in some places and farmers are finding it difficult to grow crops at all. For these reasons, the adoption of agricultural technology to automate and monitor weather conditions has gained importance. The Climate Alarm System is one such technology that is used to detect extreme weather conditions and then triggers the appropriate alarms on the farms.
Agriculture produces foodstuffs for human consumption, fuels for automobiles and other products. Agriculture’s main role is to produce food. However, there are many other applications of agriculture technology including fertilization, crop rotation, crop storage, and sorting, packaging, animal breeding, and animal husbandry, dairy, and poultry rearing, etc. Agriculture technology advances have greatly contributed to the well-being of the agricultural sector and the rural economy. With the help of this technology, the country can continue to cultivate and produce food so that people can eat and live.