How Does Agriculture Technology Feed The Green Economy?
Agriculture technology or agrotechnical is the application of science and technology in agriculture, forestry, and horticulture with the intent of enhancing productivity, yield, sustainability, and profitability. As agriculture is one of the world’s largest industries, there is a multitude of solutions, equipment, and resources available to help grow and maintain an agricultural industry. Biotechnology is one of these applications. It involves using living organisms such as plants, animals, and microorganisms to provide solutions to agricultural challenges.
Biotechnology has contributed significantly to the increase in crop production over the past 40 years. Advancements in crop production technology have made it possible to grow high-quality, highly productive crops with minimal inputs. Biotechnology organizations have also played a significant role in the development and implementation of genetic engineering techniques that are facilitating the increased use of organic and conservation crops in agriculture. Another important impact of agriculture technology is its impact on food markets. With so much emphasis on environmentally sustainable food and agriculture being a key part of the solution to the global food crisis, innovations in agriculture technology have helped decrease food prices.
Agriculture is defined by the USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture) as the management of the production and distribution of foods for human consumption, animal feeding, and animal breeding. Agriculture also refers to those activities designed to promote the economic prosperity of rural families by producing crops, livestock, and fish. Today, agriculture technology plays an important role in improving yield levels, promoting the production of essential foodstuffs for animal feed and livestock markets, and reducing the environmental impacts of farming. Some of the practices involved in agriculture technology are listed below:
Biotechnological and genetic technologies are becoming increasingly important in the practice of agriculture. Biotechnological agriculture technology involves the use of living organisms such as bacteria and yeasts to increase the productivity of traditional agricultural methods. In this type of agriculture, the use of reproductive and genetic engineering is used to improve crop production by encouraging better pest control and soil management, increasing crop growth rates and quality, creating favorable conditions for farmers to grow crops, improving soil fertility, and increasing crop yield. Biotechnology has significantly enhanced the productivity of conventional tillage. A novel form of indoor vertical farming is available called Indoor Vertical Farming that combines the biological management of livestock with mechanical sowing and harvesting systems.
Precision agriculture technology involves various types of machinery used to increase the productivity of the fields. The most important machinery in this field is the combine harvester. combine harvesters are used for cultivation in soft soils and high-latitude regions. This machinery includes planting equipment, irrigation equipment, harvest equipment, tiller, harvester, cover crops, bins, plows, sprayers, harrow, forklifts, harvesters, choppers, rollers, harvesters, tiller, and more.
Modern agricultural technology is based on the biological methods of livestock production. An early type of livestock farming was made in China, called Wangxiaogulan. This type of agricultural production is still practiced in some parts of China, Vietnam, Korea, and other Asian countries. However, most modern dairy and beef farming are based on animal breeding techniques.
Automation is another key component of modern agriculture. This includes computerized agricultural machines like sprinklers, fertilizers, tillers, harvesters, and others. Computer automated agriculture technology assists in the total cycle of agricultural activities from seed planting to fertilization to harvest. The application of this technology reduces the total costs of agricultural production.
Agriculture produces food, but this is not all. We must remember that agriculture also generates income for households. This is possible through retail sales of livestock products like milk, meat, eggs, sugarcane, cotton, fruits, vegetables, etc. Agriculture produces goods which we consume, whether directly or indirectly. Thus, agriculture forms the foundation of modern-day economic development.